The Perry Preschool study has been noted for its "large effects on educational attainment, income, criminal activity, and other important life outcomes, sustained well into adulthood". The philosophy behind HighScope is based on child development theory and research, originally drawing on the work of Jean Piaget and John Dewey. This method emphasizes the role of adults to support each child at their current developmental level and help them build upon it, under a model of "shared control" where activities are both child-initiated and adult-guided.
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Families were randomly assigned to one of two groups: the intervention, and a control group. For 2 years during the regular school year 39 weeks a year , year old children would come to a classroom for 2 and a half hours a day. Students worked on projects where "they planned tasks, they executed tasks, and then they reviewed the tasks collectively. Results were initially disappointing.
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By the time children were 10, there wasn't much of a difference in how children in the two groups performed on tests of cognitive ability. Because the study was conducted in the s, researchers have been able to follow the children who went through the Perry Preschool Program through adulthood. Economist and Nobel laureate James Heckman has found that adults from the treatment group were "much more likely to graduate high school, much more likely to make earnings, much more likely to go on to college, much less likely to commit crime. Heckman also found multigenerational benefits of the program: children of participants in the program appear to have benefitted.
According to Heckman, "We find some very strong effects.
The children of the participants are healthier. The children of the participants are also earning more. They have better social and emotional skills, are more likely to graduate high school and go on to college, less likely to engage in the criminal justice system, so they're less likely to be incarcerated or even have ever been arrested. Heckman finds that the work with the parents was an important distinguishing component of the program, particularly because the parents stay in the children's lives beyond the program's 2 year duration.
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Early Childhood Education: Then and Now
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Published New York : Routledge, Language English. Author Wiltshire, Monica.
Bringing the High Scope Approach to your Early Years Practice - PDF Free Download
Series Understanding the Early childhood education -- United States. Active learning. Early childhood education. Contents 1.
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History and research 2. An overview of HighScope 3. Active learning 4. The learning environment 5. The daily routine 6. Adult-child interaction 7. Assessment 8.
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